The history of the Williams Valley in the period since the arrival of Europeans is in part one of an increasingly rapid shift from self-reliance to dependence, from the derivation of most needs locally to the bringing in of most goods from outside the valley.
While the Gringai represent an extreme of self-reliance and local sustainability, the Europeans that first arrived in the Williams Valley were also willing and able to grow most of there food and manufacture a great deal of their needs from within the valley. Nevertheless this soon changed and intentionally changed as production for export was considered a prime achivement by most.
Vegetables, market gardens, honey making, wagons built on the farm, walking, soap making, entertainment, tinsmiths – cream cans, timber milling, house design, tanks, eating rosellas,
Recent efforts at local production, organic farming.